research considers how the organization and financing of care affect choices of patients and providers of health care including costs, quality, access, and outcomes. The scope of this area includes physical health, mental health, and subjective well-being. Areas of focus include health care costs and outcomes, organizational and inter-organizational structures and processes, health insurance, health care reform, health information technology, patient decision making and behavior, and health care provider behavior.
Applying behavioral sciences in the service of four major economic problems-Summary. Behavioral scientists have developed a powerful tool kit for understanding individual decisionmaking and have embedded it in a framework that acknowledges the need for robust experimentation to determine optimal public policy. But to date, the integration of behavioral science into public policy has proceeded from developing a set of tools to then searching for problems […]
Making the truth stick & the myths fade: Lessons from cognitive psychology-Summary. Erroneous beliefs are difficult to correct. Worse, popular correction strategies, such as the myth-versus-fact article format, may backfire because they subtly reinforce the myths through repetition and further increase the spread and acceptance of misinformation. Here we identify five key criteria people employ as they evaluate the truth of a statement: They assess general acceptance […]
Healthy through habit: Interventions for initiating & maintaining health behavior change-Summary. Interventions to change health behaviors have had limited success to date at establishing enduring healthy lifestyle habits. Despite successfully increasing people’s knowledge and favorable intentions to adopt healthy behaviors, interventions typically induce only short-term behavior changes. Thus, most weight loss is temporary, and stepped-up exercise regimens soon fade. Few health behavior change interventions have been […]
New directions for policies aimed at strengthening low-income couples-Summary. Strong marriages are associated with a range of positive outcomes for adults and their children. But many couples struggle to build and sustain strong marriages. Federal initiatives have sought to support marriage, particularly among low-income populations, through programs that emphasize relationship education. Recent results from three large-scale interventions funded by these initiatives are weaker than […]
Workplace stressors & health outcomes: Health policy for the workplace-Summary. Extensive research focuses on the causes of workplace-induced stress. However, policy efforts to tackle the ever-increasing health costs and poor health outcomes in the United States have largely ignored the health effects of psychosocial workplace stressors such as high job demands, economic insecurity, and long work hours. Using meta-analysis, we summarize 228 studies assessing the […]